ADVERSE EFFECTS OF INORGANIC FERTILIZERS AFTER FLOODS IN KERALA

Econaur took an intiative towards awaring people about the recent floods in Kerala, its causes and how can we prevent such happenings in the future.
Presenting a series of causes and measures of the Man-made floods faced by the Kerala people.
DAY 7

Chemical fertilizers or inorganic fertilizers are manmade soil enhancers used to raise the level of nutrients found in soil. The natural nutrients found in the soil essential to plant growth, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, are manufactured synthetically from inorganic material and applied to soil in the form of chemical fertilizers. Although chemical fertilizers improve the growth of plants and increase the yields of fruits and vegetables in a relatively short period of time, there are certain disadvantages of using chemical fertilizers as opposed to organic fertilizers derived from natural sources.

The synthetic chemicals in the chemical fertilizers adversely affect the health of naturally found soil micro-organisms by affecting the soil pH. These altered levels of acidity in the soil eliminate the micro-organisms beneficial to plant and soil health as they help to increase the plants’ natural defenses against pests and diseases. These helpful micro-organisms consist of antibiotic-producing bacteria and mycorrhizal and other fungi which are found in healthy soil. The use of chemical fertilizers also jeopardizes the health of bacteria that fix the nitrogen balance in the soil. These nitrogen-fixing bacteria are responsible for converting the atmospheric oxygen into a form of nitrogen that can be used readily by plants.
Environmental pollution is a significant problem. But while most of the focus is placed on polluting industries, toxins like mercury and small particle traffic pollution, a major source of environmental devastation is caused by modern food production. Far from being life sustaining, our modern chemical-dependent farming methods: – Strip soil of nutrients – Destroy critical soil microbes – Contribute to desertification and global climate change, and – Saturate farmlands with toxic pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers that then migrate into ground water, rivers, lakes and oceans.

Non-organic fertilizers mainly contain phosphate, nitrate, ammonium and potassium salts. Fertilizer industry is considered to be source of natural radionuclides and heavy metals as a potential source. It contains a large majority of the heavy metals like Hg, Cd, As, Pb, Cu, Ni, and Cu; natural radionuclide like 238U, 232Th, and 210Po [1-2] . However, in recent years, fertilizer consumption increased exponentially throughout the world, causes serious environmental problems. Fertilization may affect the accumulation of heavy metals in soil and plant system. Plants absorb the fertilizers through the soil, they can enter the food chain. Thus, fertilization leads to water, soil and air pollution.

Use of fertilizers is seen as a necessary agricultural technology. Because soil restores nutrients. However, firstly soil analysis should be performed carefully. After then, fertilizer should be given to soil. The structure and chemical content of the soil should be identified and the most appropriate type of fertilizers should be selected. The most suitable method should be processed. Otherwise, the fertilizer should be noted that errors will result in the loss of both energy and finance. Fertilizing should be done in time, should not be inappropriate times.
Heavy rainfall to the seasons, fertilization, fertilizers water will mix with the surrounding soil by leaching. For this reason, fertilizer will be lost from soil, as well as pollution of surrounding water and therefore it will result in eutrophication i.e excess of nutrients to the water which results in an explosive growth of algae.

At Econaur we provide sustainable products that are required in construction. The Products/Materials that Econaur Showcase are made from recyclable or non-recyclable process but their overall contribution is in decreasing the greenhouse gas emissions, decreasing the energy & water consumption

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Bitnami