Monday Flashback 22 – Panch Mahal, fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh

The Panch Mahal meaning `wind catcher tower’ was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Akbar This structure stands close to the Zenana quarters (Harem) which supports the supposition that it was used for entertainment and relaxation. This is one of the most important buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. This is an extraordinary structure employing the design elements of a Buddhist Temple; entirely columnar, consisting of four stories of decreasing size arranged asymmetrically on the ground floor, which contains 84 columns. These columns, that originally had jaali (screens) between them, support the whole structure. Once these screens provided purdah (cover) to queens and princess on the top terraces enjoying the cool breeze and watching splendid views of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling at the foot of the ridge.

The pavilion gives a majestic view of the fort that lies on its left. The pool in front of the Panch Mahal is called the Anoop Talab. It would have been filled with water, save for the bridge, and would have been the setting for musical concerts and other entertainment. The ground floor has 84 columns, the first story has 56 columns and the second and third stories have 20 and 12 columns respectively. The topmost story has 4 columns supporting a chhattri. There are 176 columns in all and each is elegantly carved pillars with unique designs.


Fatehpur Sikri, known for its architecture and planning, is situated in Northern India close Agra, was worked by Akbar, the third Mughal ruler, in 1571 , as his new capital. The significant piece of the complex was manufactured/built in a limited capacity to focus four to ten years, utilizing neighborhood building aptitudes and materials.

Since the territory is near the western desert area, the atmosphere is hot-dry with generally little precipitation.


Planning and  Architecture Features

The Fatehpur Sikri complex stands on an edge and the city is encased by an embattlement on three sides and on the fourth by an immense counterfeit lake which was the primary wellspring of water supply to the city.

The edge is to some degree in the focal point of this walled territory and keeps running from South-West to North-East. All the significant structures of the complex are situated over this edge , using a similarly level territory.

fatehpur sikri    fatehpur sikri

At the outskirts, where the slants are troublesome, bring down structures are worked as props to empower simple development to finish everything. The lower structures are for the most part benefit offices congenial from the lower streets and interconnected with upper levels by steps.

A detailed water supply framework existed, enacting the direct channels and tanks at the upper patio level. The seven passage doors punctured in the city divider prompt real settlements in the areas of which the Agra entryway is the most vital (since Akbar had effectively fabricated his fortress there).


This street lies indistinguishable way from the edge and steadily ascends to give access to the royal residence complex to finish everything. The introduction of the mosque and the royal residence complex is toward Mecca while the other city structures watch the land shape as a noteworthy determinant.

At one time, the town was spread on all sides of the edge and the castle region had a fantastic perspective of the region around. Minor level changes exist between patios which are consulted by steps and are keenly abused for gravitational stream of water.

Composite climate occurs in most of the areas ruled by Mughals in North India which is characterized by dominated hot and dry conditions two third of the year and, a somewhat cold and a warm
humid season occur in the remaining one third of the year. Being sufficiently far from the equator, this region experiences clear seasonal changes in solar radiations and wind directions. The remarkable mean diurnal changes may be observed from 11-12° C in hot dry and cool dry seasons while this range narrows up to 3-6° C in warm humid season. Relative  humidity reaches up to 95% during the wet period. There is little or no rain during dry season. Hot and dusty winds blow during dry season. However monsoon winds are strong and steady (Koenisberger, 2001). Dominated hot and dry season remained a problematic situation in this region throughout the centuries. Even Babur, the first Mughal ruler in India complained about the dusty winds and climate of the region in his memoir ’Tuzik-i-Babri’ (Grover, 2002).

Microclimate Control

The gardens of paradise mentioned in the Holy Quran have been the source of inspiration throughout the Islamic world (Kausar, 2005). Mughals also used this tool not only as a  symbol but to improve the quality of the immediate surrounding environment of their buildings. The environment outside the building is important to control the inside temperature
of the building. The external air is treated by improving microclimate of the region which  consequently enhances the quality of air inside the building. Vegetation was added to improve
the quality of outer spaces and to enhance cooling by evapo-transpiration. The process of evapo-transpiration adds water vapors to the air and brings down the air temperature. The  water bodies (still and moving) were added to the palaces to improve the humidity in hot and dry regions Fountains are the better way to improve the quality of air as it  sprinkles the water drops into the air and make the process of evaporation faster. Mughals also used fountain in their buildings. These water channels and fountains are found frequently  inside the buildings. Nahar-i-Bahisht (canal of paradise) is an example of water channel which passes through internal spaces of the building to modify internal environment. Most of the Mughal buildings are surrounded by a landscaped area to modify the microclimate of the region.


sandfree challange

Be the Part of Sand Free Campaign by Econaur !

Modern forms of human existence, associated with rapid economic development, have contributed to an over-exploitation of renewable natural resources such as land and forests, and the exhaustion of non-renewable resources such as minerals and fossil fuels.

We have impacted the natural resources to a great extent for our own greed. To prevent the coming generation from the depletion of the resources and to give them a better environment we need to adapt the “Sustainable Measures” in construction.

The primary in this is the use of sand. We need to stop sand mining and adopt the measures that are “Sand free” as only this can provide us a sustainable Life. From forcing the river to change its course, to affecting the groundwater tables and adversely impacting the habitat of micro-organisms, the ramifications of illegal sand mining are many.

Sand is important for ground water recharge, on a riverbed it acts as a link between the flowing river and the water table and is part of the aquifer,” said Manoj Misra of the NGO Yamuna Jiye Abhiyan. “We have seen the impact of tampering with the rivers and their resources in the recent Uttarakhand floods. When sand and boulders are removed in an unimpeded way using heavy machines, the erosion capacity of the river increases. Sand and boulders prevent the river from changing the course and act as a buffer for the riverbed.”

As unplanned removal of sand has severe impacts on our bio-diversity: “There are a lot of micro-organisms that are not visible and widely known, but are critical to soil structure and fertility. When we dredge sand, we literally take away their habitat,”

To stop this take the sand free challenge and pledge to stop the sand mining and adopting the sustainable measures for construction and saving the environment and believe in green.




The following are the categories to submit your projects:

To be a part of this your project should be unique and is promoting the “sandfree” idea. There can be both existing and new projects that depicts and promote the Sand free Environment.

In this category you can submit your video or your group video where in you are supporting the idea of the environmentbased on Sandfree or telling about the advantages of the sandfree Products. It could be both short or illustrated video.
You can either send us your video or tag us on Social Media Platforms @Econaur and #SANDFREECHALLENGE.

To take a part you can submit any image depicting and impacting the sandfree environment and spreading the awareness of the same.
You can either send us your images or tag us on Social Media Platforms @Econaur and #SANDFREECHALLENGE.

In this category unique blog or article showing the impacts and throwing some light on the sandfree sustainable products and their uses and why people need to stop using the sand and start believing in healthy environment will be appreciated.
You can either send us your blogs/articles or tag us on Social Media Platforms @Econaur and #SANDFREECHALLENGE.

In this category you can submit your unique idea/ project idea where in we can make the construction sandfree. The project and the idea will be displayed on our website.

#The best three from all the categories will be chosen randomly.
#The winners will get the Vouchers/Award/Visit to the factory.


This challenge and initiative is taken up Perlcon and Econaur as its time to stop the use of SAND and use the products which have no severe impacts on the Environment and that can act as an alternative for the same.

GEM Rajasthan

GEM Rajasthan Chapter Formation – A New Green Movement started in Rajasthan by ASSOCHAM

Recently ASSOCHAM India has taken a step ahead and installed The Rajasthan Chapter of it’s Green and Eco-friendly Movement (GEM) Program in Jaipur on 3rd January 2019.

It was an Important step in creating awareness about the Green Building Movement in Rajasthan. Till now GRIHA & IGBC were working in Rajasthan by certifying the Green Buildings, Now GEM also entered in the movement.

The Event Partners were Metal Joints Manufacturing Private Limited, Kehems Technologies Private Limited & Panache Green the Major Players working in Sustainability Development in Rajasthan & North India.

Dr. K. L. Jain, Hon. Secretary General, RCCI Jaipur was the Chief Guest of the Event.
Mr. Pankaj R. Dharkar, National Chairman, ASSOCHAM ASSOCHAM GEM National Council Installed The GEM Rajasthan Chapter.
Ar. Tushar Sogani is the first Chairman of the Rajasthan Chapter and Ar. Nischal Jain, MNIT is the Co-Chairman.
Sh. Jayant Joshi, MD, RS India and Sh. Vinay Joshi are the Advisors of the Chapter.
Mr. Sudhir Mathur is the Secretary of the Chapter, Dr. Ravi Goyal, BSDU and Ar. Abhishek have taken the responsibilities of Education Chair and Program Chair respectively.
Ar. Shweta Choudhary, VGU, Mr. Mayank Sharma, Mr. Ankit Maheshwari, Mr. Ankur Gupta and Mr. Vipul Khandelwal are the Executive Members of the Chapter.
Mr. Neeraj Arora, Sr. Director, ASSOCHAM India will be the Treasurer of the Chapter.

ASSOCHAM has launched the “GEM Sustainability (Green) Certification Program” with the objective to promote environment friendly green building design and construction. GEM Sustainability Certification Rating Program is based upon BEE ECBC 2017 and NBC 2016. Through this initiative, ASSOCHAM do award the Sustainability Certification Rating to Housing, Urban Developments, Residential, Commercial, Hotels, College, Universities, Schools, Factory buildings and related developments.

All existing, new and upcoming buildings can participate in this program. 

GEM Sustainability Certification Rating Program –

GEM Sustainability Certification Rating Program aims to address the sustainability of a given development throughout its lifecycle from design through construction to operation. GEM Sustainability Certification Reference Guide provides design guidance and detailed requirements for rating a project’s potential performance.

Project team can go for a Certification of Intent (Pre-certification / Provisional Certification) rating during pre-design, design or construction stages of the project and Final Certification rating when the building is complete.

 GEM Sustainability Certification Rating levels –

GEM Sustainability Certification Rating is organized into Twenty Eight Principles that are fundamental to a more sustainable development. There are some Essential and Suggested requirements of each Principle. Points are awarded for each Suggested requirement achieved.

There is a 0-130 point scale. Project will achieve GEM 1 to GEM 5 rating levels as per the requirements fulfilled and scores achieved by the project. This depends upon the project design which includes building architectural and elevation design, materials used during construction, HVAC, lighting and plumbing system designs, water and energy consumption of the building.

To achieve a GEM Sustainability Certification Rating, all Essential Principle requirements must be fulfilled along with a minimum number of Principle points. GEM 5 will be the highest achievable rating level in this program.

Key benefits of the certification –

  1. Review of all design documents such as Architectural, Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing and Landscape by Sustainability experts for further value addition from green building perspective.
  2. Energy and water efficient building design that will reduce the energy and water consumption of the building.
  3. Design of a building that will utilize maximum daylight, fresh air and provide healthy environment to the building occupants.
  4. Sustainability Certification rating will give additional marketing mileage to the projects over other conventional buildings.
national water awards

National Water Awards – Encouraging Stakeholders in Water Sector

Ministry of Water Resources Introduced National Water Awards this year.

Water is one of the vital components of life. The rapid pace of irrigation growth, urbanization & industrialization has put enormous stress on water resources. The cumulative impact of increase in use of this precious natural resource has led to water scarcity in many regions of the country. Nevertheless, the climate change has also resulted in change in hydrologic cycle in the country. Hence, it is necessary that this scarce resource is protected by effective and efficient management on sound scientific methodology for its sustainable development.

The Ground Water Augmentation Awards and National Water Award were launched in the year 2007 with an objective to encourage all stakeholder including the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Gram Panchayats, Urban Local Bodies, Water User Associations, Institutions, Corporate Sector, Individuals etc. for adopting innovative practices of ground water augmentation by rainwater harvesting and artificial recharge, promoting water use efficiency, recycling & re-use of water and creating awareness through people’s participation in the targeted areas resulting into the sustainability of ground water resources development, adequate capacity building amongst the stakeholders etc.

Considering the fact that surface water & Ground water are integral part of the water cycle, it is felt necessary to institute unified National Water Awards with the objectives of encouraging the stakeholders to adopt holistic approach towards water resources management in the country.


Category of awards

Procedure for Submission
• Applicants shall download application forms for the respective category from –
• Duly filled and signed application form shall be uploaded on MyGov
• Applicants can provide link to videos (if any) in the “Submit task” text box

NOTE: The last date of submissions has been extended til 15th January, 2019

For any contest – related queries, please write to :
[email protected]